- Bulbous Plants
- Trailing and Climbing plants
- Foliage plants
- Air plants
- Carnivorous plant
Bromeliad plants provide an exotic touch to the home and bring a sense of the vegetation and sun-kissed climate. They grow on trees in their native habitat, attaining moisture and nutrients from the air rather than soil. They do not require exceptionally high humidity levels and are quite easy to care for. Growing it as a houseplant is easy and brings interesting texture and colour to the interior space.
- Botanical Name: Bromeliaceae genera
- Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light when grown indoors
- Soil Type: Fast-draining potting soil
- Watering: Bromeliads are tolerant of drought conditions.Water them well and allow the soil to dry before watering again.
- Toxicity: Non-toxic, but some individuals may have allergic reactions.
2. Bulbous Plants:
- Botanical Name: Tillandsiabulbosa
- Sun Exposure: Bright, indirect light or part shade
- Soil Type: Sandy loam or loamy sand in texture for better production of bulbs.
- Watering: Need two or three light misting every week with a spray bottle. Try not to soak the leaves.
- Toxicity: Mostly toxic.
With their elegant, arching stems of finely- divided or wavy-edged leaves (fronds),ferns make beautiful indoor plants for shady areas. Ferns are plants that do not have flowers. Similar to flowering plants, they have roots, stems and leaves. However, unlike flowering plants, they do not have flowers or seeds; instead, they usually reproduce sexually by tiny spores. It is important to choose a fern carefully if you plan to grow them indoors. Read about easiest of ferns to grow as houseplants.
- Botanical Name: Tracheophyta
- Sun Exposure: MostlyLight Shade / Semi Shade. Ferns can handle some direct sunlight.
- Soil Type: They prefer a soil that is moist and well-draining.
- Watering: Water regularly during periods without rain; do not let the soil get dry.
- Botanical Name: Arecaceae
- Sun Exposure: Low to moderate light; prefer bright indirect light but also can tolerate less light.
- Soil Type: Well-drained soil. Watering: Water these plants when the top portion of soil is dry.
- Toxicity: Most palms that are available as houseplants are non-toxic to pets.
6. Trailing and Climbing Plants:
Cover your walls with flowers and foliage to sprinkle colour head with lovely trailing and climbing plants. Easy to grow in hanging baskets or cascading from shelves, trailing plants are a good option when floor space is less. Climbing plants have roots that allow them to climb vertical supports, although they will run along the ground until they find one. Immature English ivy, for example, creeps everywhere, but they don’t achieve maturity and the ability to flower until they grow vertically. Virginia creeper, Boston ivy, and creeping fig are some species of climbing plants. Add vertical interest to your balcony garden with climber plants that are perfect for Indian homes. Climber plants have the quality of covering up the walls with growing branches and can produce a stunning effect on the walls.
7. Foliage plants:
- Sun Exposure: Semi-sun / Filtered sun.
- Soil Type: Can be grown in a variety of soil mixes, but are easier to care for if planted in soils containing high levels of peat moss.
- Watering: Watering frequency will depend on weather, type and size of plant and stage of plant growth.
- Botanical names and toxicity will differ with its types. Read through the link to know about various foliage plants.
- Botanical Name: Cactaceae
- Sun Exposure: Sun / Semi-sun; quantity varies depending on variety.
- Soil Type: Well-draining sandy soil.
- Watering: It is best to give more water in spring/summer and less in winter. It is better to allow the soil to dry out a bit before watering the plant again.
- Toxicity: Most cacti species are safe for both humans and animals.
- Sun Exposure: Sun / Semi-sum / Filtered sun
- Soil Type: Provide a very well-drained soil.
- Watering: Soak the soil completely then let the soil dry out completely before watering again.
- Toxicity: Most succulents are considered non-toxic and are harmless to pets when ingested. Others contain skin irritants that can cause minor skin irritations, and some can cause mild symptoms when ingested.
10. Air Plants:
- Sun Exposure: Filtered sun / Indirect light.
- Watering: Water couple of times in a week in a tray for about an hour or half, then, leave it to drain. Do not wet the flowers.
- Toxicity: Air plants are not toxic to humans or pets.
11. Carnivorous plant:
- Botanical Name: Nepenthes gracilis, Droseracapensis
- Sun Exposure: Sun / Semi-sun / Filtered sun
- Soil Type: Mineral-free soil.
- Watering: Wet them all of the time. Use Mineral-free water.
- Toxicity: These plants eat toxic metal from their prey.
12. Other Flowering Plants:
The Bottom Line:
Most of us enjoy having trees around our homes, plants in our houses / office, and nature in general. However, many of us may not always understand the importance of plants in our everyday lives. Think about the average home and how even a few indoor plants can make a big difference. They help to purify the air, add a nice touch to most rooms and provide various other benefits. Many plants are versatile and grow well indoors; they are a great way to refresh or add a nice touch to a home without doing a complete remodel. Plants, both inside and outside are an enjoyable part of life, even if we do not always realize their impact. Now, we hand over the pen of imagination to our readers so that they can decide the necessity and significance of different categories of the plants which we have portrayed in this article.
1. – Practical Houseplant Book (RHS, Fran Bailey & Zia Allaway)
2. – Other links as given in the blog.