- When to Repot
- What you will require for Repotting
- How to Repot your plant in simple steps
- After you Repot your Plant
Choosing the right pot will aid you to keep your house plants healthy. A good container should offer plenty of drainage and will need to be replaced every few years as the plant grows, to avoid its roots becoming root-bound.
When to Repot your Plant?
If you see one or a combination of these signs, you will know it is time to repot:
- Waterlogged compost may indicate that plant’s pot drainage is not working, and it requires a new one with adequate drainage holes.
- Root growth through the drainage holes at the bottom of the container, suggesting the plant is root-bound.
- Roots tightly encircling at the root balls when you tip it out.
- Presence of salt and minerals buildup on your planter
- Paling or Yellowing of leaves may be a sign that the roots are congested and unable to take up nutrients efficiently.
- Plant wilting may also be a sign of congested roots.
- Drying of Soil quickly, water will run right through it instead of being absorbed
- Divide and Conquer – Plant Babies; when plants get too crowded, they can be divided to free up space and make new plants; repotting and dividing offshoots into self-sufficient plants.
What you will require for Repotting
- New pot
- Trowel (help in removing the plant.)
- Scissors or a sharp knife (pruning)
How to Repot your Plant in simple steps
- Choose the Right Pot: Most plants are repotted every 2-3 years or annually when they are young. Choose a pot that is wide and deep enough to fit the root ball (with some space around the edges and at the top to allow for watering) or opt for a pot one size larger than the current container. We suggest giving the plant at least an extra inch, depending on size.
Additional Tip: Make sure your new pot has good drainage holes. Otherwise, your plant might be immersed in water and rotting.
- Clean your planter with hot, soapy water and pat dry.
- Start by watering your plant thoroughly before repotting. This will help avoid transplant shock and keep the rootball together.
- Gently remove your plant from its existing pot by turning it sideways, supporting the main stem in one hand, and pulling the pot away with your other hand. You can also use a knife to loosen the soil around the edges of the pot.
- Loosen the rootball using your hands and prune any long ends or rotten roots. When repotting in the same pot, shake off excess soil and cut a quarter of the roots with the help of scissors.
- Add a layer of compost to the bottom of the new pot.
- Set the plant over the new compost, ensuring that the top is sitting 1 cm below the pot rim. This allows space for water to collect at the top before filtering into compost.
- Fill in around the roots with more compost, pressing it down gently to remove any air gaps. Do not bury the stems (or aerial roots if it has any), it should be at the same depth as it was in its original pot. Gently water, taking care to keep the leaves dry.
- Once your plant is in place, give it another rinse to settle it in its new home. It will take a few weeks to recover from repotting.
After You Re-pot Your Plant
The Final words
Reference links used:
2. Practical Houseplant Book (RHS, Fran Bailey & Zia Allaway)